Which of the following Is True about Agreement Gestures

These gestures are closely coordinated with the language. The so-called beating gestures are used in conjunction with speech and keep time with the rhythm of the language to emphasize certain words or phrases. These types of gestures are integrally related to language and thought processes. [29] Emblems are gestures that have a certain agreed meaning. These are still different from the signs used by people with hearing loss or other people communicating with American Sign Language (ASL). Although they have a generally accepted meaning, they are not part of a formal sign system such as ASL, which is explicitly taught to a group of people. The thumbs up of a hitchhiker, the „OK“ sign with the thumb and index finger connected in a circle, the other three fingers protruding upwards and the middle finger raised are examples of emblems that have meaning or meanings agreed with a culture. Emblems can be silent or moving; For example, if you turn around your index finger on the side of your head, say, „He or she is crazy,“ or keep rolling your hands in front of you and saying, „Keep going.“ Speech rate refers to the speed or slowness with which a person speaks and can cause others to get an idea of our emotional state, credibility, and intelligence. As with volume, variations in speech speed can affect the ability of others to receive and understand verbal messages. A slow speaker might annoy others and get their attention as a wanderer. A fast speaker can be hard to track, and fast delivery can actually distract from the message.

However, speaking slightly faster than the 120 to 150 normal words per minute can be beneficial, as people tend to find speakers whose rate is above average more credible and intelligent (Buller & Burgoon, 1986). If you speak faster than normal, it is important that a speaker also articulates and pronounces their words clearly. Boomhauer, a character from the King of the Hill series, is an example of a speaker whose fast speech speed combines with a lack of articulation and pronunciation to create a flow of words that only he can understand. Higher speech speed in combination with a pleasant tone of voice can also be beneficial for achieving compliance and helping with persuasion. Hand gestures emphasize speech and can provide useful context about both the speaker and what they are saying. Sometimes hand gestures give clues to the speaker`s emotional state. Trembling hands may mean that the person is anxious or lying. Large animated hand gestures can indicate that the person is excited or passionate about what they are discussing. Other times, hand gestures give the spoken words a literal meaning. Your boss can give you very detailed verbal instructions on a task with extra hand gestures to amplify their spoken words. For example, he says, „I need three circular objects placed there.“ As he utters these words, he gestures with his hands by raising three fingers, then drawing a circle in the air, and finally pointing where he wants them.

The development of lexical gestures is part of an iconic-metaphorical spectrum, to what extent they are closely linked to the lexico-semantic content of the verbal discourse with which they are coordinated. A more emblematic gesture reflects very clearly the words spoken (for example. B, drawing a horizontal line jagged in the air to describe mountains), while more metaphorical gestures clearly contain some spatial relationship with the semantic content of verbal speech occurring at the same time, but the relationship between gesture and speech might be more ambiguous. Personal and intimate areas refer to the space that begins at our physical body and extends over four feet. These areas are reserved for friends, close acquaintances and important people. Much of our communication takes place in the personal area, which we generally think of as our „personal space bubble,“ stretching from 1.5 feet to 4 feet from our body. Even when we approach another person`s physical body, at this point we can use verbal communication to signal that our presence in that area is friendly and not intimate. Even people who know each other may feel uncomfortable spending too much time in this area unnecessarily.

This area is divided into two sub-areas, which helps us negotiate close interactions with people we may not be close to interpersonally (McKay, Davis, & Fanning, 1995). The outdoor personal area extends from 2.5 feet to 4 feet and is useful for conversations that need to be private but take place between people who are not close to interpersonal relationships. This area allows for relatively intimate communication, but does not convey the intimacy that a closer distance would transmit, which can be beneficial in professional environments. The indoor personal area extends from 1.5 feet to 2.5 feet and is a space reserved for communication with people we are close to interpersonal or want to know. In this sub-area, we can easily touch the other person when we talk to them, briefly put a hand on their arm, or engage in other light social contacts that facilitate conversations, self-revelation, and feelings of closeness. The word kinesik comes from the root of the word kinesis, which means „movement,“ and refers to the study of hand, arm, body, and face movements. Specifically, this section describes the use of head gestures, movements and postures, eye contact, and facial expressions as non-verbal communication. The best known are the so-called emblems or quotable gestures. These are conventional culture-specific gestures that can be used as substitutes for words, such as the hand wave used in the United States for „hello“ and „goodbye.“ A single iconic gesture can have a very different meaning in different cultural contexts, ranging from complementary to highly offensive. [28] The Gesture List page deals with iconic gestures made with one hand, two hands, the hand and other parts of the body, as well as body and face gestures. Now let`s talk about your audience`s nonverbal cues.

Pantomime is followed by emblems that have certain meanings to refer to „feelings, blasphemy and insults“ and do not need to be used in conjunction with language. [41] The most linguistic gesture on the Kendon continuum is sign language, where „individual manual characters have specific meanings and are combined with other manual characters according to certain rules.“ [41] Speech style, pitch, speed, and volume all contribute to the speaker`s understanding. Changes in the sound of the voice during a conversation are also a striking non-verbal signal that contributes to your understanding of the person speaking. For example, during a friendly conversation with your boss, you ask him if you can take time off next week. She says, „Of course. Take the time you need,“ but her tone went from warm and soft before your question to cold and lively when she answered. Although her words sound positive, her tone suggests that she is not satisfied with your request. Sign languages such as American Sign Language and its regional siblings function as complete natural languages that are gestural in their modality. They should not be confused with finger spelling, which uses a series of iconic gestures to represent a written alphabet. American Sign Language differs from gestures in that concepts are modeled by certain hand movements or expressions and have a specific established structure, while gestures are more malleable and have no specific structure, but complement the language.

Before the creation of sign language established in Nicaragua after the 1970s, deaf communities used „house signs“ to communicate with each other. These homeland signs were not part of a unified language, but were still used as familiar movements and expressions used in their families – always closely related to language rather than gestures without specific structure. [32] This is similar to what has been observed in the gestural actions of chimpanzees. Gestures are used by these animals instead of verbal language, which is limited in animals due to their lack of certain physiological and joint abilities that humans have for speech. Corballis (2009) states that „our hominid ancestors were better suited to acquire vocal competence with manual gestures than with vocal sounds.“ [33] This leads to a debate about whether humans also considered gestures as their mode of language in the early days of the species` existence. The function of gestures may have been an important player in the development of language. Deictic gestures can occur simultaneously with or instead of the vocal language. Deictic gestures are gestures that consist of indicative or sharp movements.

These gestures often work in the same way as demonstrative words and pronouns like „this“ or „that.“ [19] Studies confirm a close relationship between gestural typology and language development. Young children under the age of two seem to rely on pointed gestures to designate objects whose names they do not know. Once the words are learned, they avoid these referential (sharp) gestures. One would think that the use of gestures would decrease as the child developed spoken language, but the results show that the frequency of gestures increased with age as the frequency of speech increased. However, there is a change in the typology of gestures in different age groups, suggesting a link between gestures and language development. Children most often use scoring and adults rely more on iconic and beaten gestures. When children begin to produce sentence-like statements, they also begin to produce new types of gestures that adults use when speaking (iconic and beats). The evidence of this systematic organization of the gesture is indicative of its association with the development of language. [30] The first way to distinguish the categories of gestures is to distinguish between the communicative gesture and the informative gesture. While most gestures can be defined as eventually taking place during spoken statements, the information-communication dichotomy focuses on the intentionality of meaning and communication in the co-discourse gesture.

[22] In linguistics, the most controversial aspect of gesture revolves around the subcategory of lexical or iconic gestures of co-discourse. . . .